Exhaust Gas Temperature
The exhaust Gas Temperature of a jet engine is one of two primary measurements of engine performance. The temperature is usually measured at the Power Turbine that drives a shaft through the centre of the engine to spin the blades of the multi-stage compressor.
See also: RPM
Flight Control System
The Flight Control System includes:
Fuel, Engine, Electrics, Location
A method of ensuring the aircraft has sufficient fuel for the task, is operating correctly and that you know where you are.
FUEL - Check the quantity against the expected quantity at that stage of the flight. Consider this as an amount up or down and compare that to the wind you have experienced so far. Also ensure that the fuel tanks are in balance and correct with fuel transfer if needed.
ENGINE - Check the engine instruments for any fluctuations or unusual readings.
ELECTRICS - Check the generator is providing charge to the battery.
LOCATION - Check your location is as you expect and you know where the nearest air station is in the case of an emergency.
HYDRAULICS - Check the Temperature and Pressure
OXYGEN - Check the contents, flow and pressure
CABIN - Check the Pressurisation and Temperature
Again, Combat situations may require further checks, see Fence In and Fence Out
These checks should be conducted about every 20 mins (as a minimum after each 30 mins) or after each change of altitude or turning point of a navigation exercise.
Forward Looking Infrared
A camera operating in the Infrared spectrum. Able to display heat images and so give a thermal representation of the viewed scene. Often in a flight wing/fuselage pod. can be slewed from the cockpit. Function can include zoom, tracking, black or white hot etc.
Heading, Altitude, Time
ALTITUDE - Check if there is a required change of altitude for the next leg and the associated Safety Altitude.
TIME - If running individual leg timing, reset the clock. If running continuous timing for the route, note the time at the waypoint.
At the waypoint, Restart the clock (if required), Lookout and Turn.... JUST Lookout and Turn until rolling out on heading. Do NOTHING else.
HEADING - After rolling out, check you have rolled out on your wind adjusted heading.
ALTITUDE - Adjust your altitude for the next leg.
TIME - Ensure the clock is running or if you forgot to note the time at the waypoint take the time now and add a few second for the turn.
Integrated Fuel / Engine Indicator
Intgrated Flight and Fire Control Computer (dt.: Integriertes Flug- und Feuerkontroll-System)
Joint Tactical Radio System (dt. etwa gemeinsames taktisches Funksystem)
JTRS ist ein zentrales System für abhörsichere Funk- und Datenverbindungen.
Quelle: DCS A-10C Flight Manual DE.pdf
Lookout, Attitude, Instruments
A method of maintaining a good Lookout whilst ensuring the aircraft maintain the desired altitude, heading and speed.
LOOKOUT - This is completed in two stages, beginning with the Right hemisphere. Look as deep into your 5 o’clock as you can and scan fully up and down whilst progressing you Lookout back to the ahead.
ATTITUDE - Whilst looking ahead assess you aircraft‘s attitude to the horizon. Ensure it remain where you desired.
INSTRUMENTS - Check that this attitude is maintain your chosen flight path by checking the instruments:
See also: SHT for a method of correcting errors
Low Altitude Safety and Targeting Enhancement (dt. etwa Zielhilfe und Tiefflugsicherheitssystem)
Das LASTE beinhaltet u.a. die Autopilotensteuerung.
Limitation, Operation, Indication
A method of ensuring aircraft limitations are not exceeded when changing aircraft configuration.
LIMITATION - Before operating any control that will change the configuration of the aircraft like the Flaps, check that the aircraft is within the limitations for that configuration change.
OPERTION - Select the new configuration.
INDICATION - Check that the configuration change has been successful by the control indicator.
E.g. If the Landing Gear speed limitation is 175 kts the process is:
A method of assessing the effect of wind on the aircraft drift from track.
MAX DRIFT - The maximum drift an aircraft will suffer from a wind directly abeam the flight path. This is estimated by taking the windspeed and dividing it by the aircraft’s speed in nm / minute.
E.g. An aircraft flying at 240 kts is covering 4 nm / minute. With a wind from directly abeam with a speed of 20 kts the aircraft will suffer a drift of 5˚.
20 / 4 = 5
See also: Clock Code
Multifunction Color Display (dt.: Mehrzweck-Farbdisplay)
Im Zuge der Aufwertung von der A-10A zur A-10C wurden zwei MFCD's an der vorderen Instrumententafel verbaut. Diese dienen u.a. der Statusüberwachung des Flugzeugs als auch dem Waffeneinsatz (z.B.:Maverick).
A flight primarily aimed at exercising navigation skills
Navigation Mode Select Panel (dt.: Navigationsmodus Auswahl Panel)
Outside Air Temperature
The temperature of the air around the aircraft.
Low temperature causes the air to be more dense and so appear as if the aircraft is flying lower when assessed on a Barometric Altimeter.
Average Air Temperature at sea level for the ICAO Standard Atmosphere is 15°
Wiki: Outside Air Temperature
Onboard Oxygen Generation System
Progressively Adjust the Attitude and Trim
PROGRESSIVELY ADJUST the ATTITUDE - As an aircraft accelerates from a Climbing speed to a Straight and Level speed the lift initially generated by the initial attitude of attack increases as the speed increase. If attention is not paid to this the aircraft will begin to climb. The attitude will need to be progressively reduced as the speed increases.
and TRIM - At each stage of attitude change the trim will need to be adjusted to ensure the aircraft maintain the new attitude with minimal input from you.